PHONICS & READING
'To learn to read is to light a fire; every syllable that is spelled out is a spark.’- Victor Hugo
‘Once you learn to read, you will be forever free.’- Frederick Dougglas
At Green Lane, we awaken the inner reader in every child. We recognise that learning to read unlocks unlimited possibilities so from their very first day with us in Nursery, our pupils are given the skills to enable them to decode and understand language to ensure that they become independent, confident and fluent readers at the earliest possible stage.
‘There’s no such thing as a child who hates to read; there are only children who have not found the right book- yet.’- Frank Serafini ‘
Every one of our pupils will grow into life-long readers who take pleasure in learning from, or escaping in, a great book every day in school and at home. At our school, our children are surrounded by a plethora of engaging, informative, enjoyable and challenging texts across the curriculum and have access to stimulating reading environments which promote and celebrate a passion for reading. All our children enjoy the pleasure of being read to everyday. They are guided in finding and choosing books that they love as well as being introduced to exciting new authors, poets and topics to broaden and enrich their reading diet.
‘Reading changes your life. Reading unlocks worlds unknown or forgotten, taking travellers around the world and through time. Reading helps you escape the confines of school and pursue your own education. Through characters – the saints and the sinners, real or imagined – reading shows you how to be a better human being.’- Donalyn Miller
Throughout our curriculum, our pupils read, comprehend, interpret and respond to texts that inspire them, educate them, enrich their vocabulary, challenge their thinking, make them laugh, make them cry and most importantly, teach them to understand, empathise with and value different cultures, traditions and opinions- real or imagined.
At GLPNS, children take home reading books each week from when they are ready in Reception and then throughout their time with us right up to Year 6. We have a range of reading books from a range of schemes, organised by reading level into coloured bands, including fiction, poetry and nonfiction.
Our Reading Schemes:
- Oxford Reading Tree
- Read Write Inc.
- Collins Big Cat
- Person Bug Club (ebooks)
We follow the Letters and Sounds Programme to help children to learn to read and write. From Nursery to Year 2, children will be taught phonics on a daily basis. Phonics is based on learning the smallest sounds which make up words. For example:
sh – o - p
Children learn the sounds then blend them together to read a word. To spell, children are taught to say the word, segment it into the smallest sounds then write it.
Children are also taught to read (by sight) and spell high frequency words. These are words that they commonly find in the books they read.
Letters and Sounds is divided into six phases which children continue to learn throughout the school.
Nursery - Phase One
Supports the importance of speaking and listening and develops children’s discrimination of sounds, including letter sounds.
Nursery and Reception - Phase Two
Children learn to pronounce the sounds themselves in response to letters, before blending them. This leads to them being able to read simple words and captions.
For example: s – o - ck
Letters: s, a, t, p, i, n, m, d, g, o, c, k, ck, e, u, r, h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss
Reception - Phase Three
Completes the teaching of the alphabet and moves on to sounds represented by more than one letter (digraph and trigraph). For example: r – ai – n. The children will learn letter names and how to read and spell some high frequency words.
Letters: j, v, w, x, y, z, zz, qu, ch, sh, th, ng, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er
Reception and Year 1 - Phase Four
The children learn to read and spell words containing adjacent consonants. For example: s – t – a – m - p
Year 1 - Phase Five
The children broaden their knowledge of sounds for use in reading and spelling. They will begin to build word-specific knowledge of the spellings of words. For example: d – o – n – k - ey
Sounds: ay, ou, ie, ea, oy, ir, ue, aw, wh, ph, ew, oe, au, ey, a_e, i_e, u_e, o_e
Year 2 - Phase Six
This focuses more sharply on word-specific spellings. It encourages children to become fluent readers and increasingly accurate spellers. This includes spelling rules such as adding suffixes ( - est, - ly, - ful, - ness, - ment, - ing) and prefixes (un…., …..im, ….dis…….re……). Children are also taught how to make plurals and spell homophones such as blue / blew.